Hernia is a medical condition occurring when an organ in the body pushes through a weakness in the muscle or surrounding tissue wall. Healthy muscles are supposed to be firm enough to hold your internal organs, such as the intestines, in place. It is plausible for a hernia to develop when there are weak spots in your body.
Know Your Body: You Might Have Hernia
The most common type of hernia affects the groin, which may fall under the inguinal or femoral type. About 66% of people show symptoms of having groin hernia. The Wells Suite discusses the inguinal hernia as a swelling or lump in your groin. It appears when you exert force in lifting and disappears when you lie down. In men, it can manifest itself in the body through an enlarged scrotum.
Groin hernias can be quite a pain to deal with. It brings about discomfort when coughing, exercising or using the loo. The primary concern of heaving hernia is strangulation, the blockage of blood supply to the bowel. This causes intolerable pain and tenderness in the area.
There are other types of hernia such as hiatus, incisional and umbilical. Your GP can diagnose these from symptoms you may be experiencing, and occasionally, medical imaging can either establish the diagnosis or rule out other possible causes.
The Risk Factors That May Cause Hernia
Hernias are, by large, genetic and its occurrence varies in families. Studies have yet to confirm claims of heavy lifting being causal, but here is a list of the identified risk factors for developing hernia:
- Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
- Peritoneal Dialysis
- Collagen Vascular Disease
- Open Appendectomy
It is common for men to assume that old age is the overarching cause for inguinal hernias—as ageing parallels the weakening of muscles in the abdominal region.
Is Surgery Your Only Option?
Repairing inguinal hernia requires surgery to push the falling organs back into their place and fortify the weak spots in your abdominal wall. If your hernia brings about pain or is ballooning in size, surgery is the only effective treatment.